KMT Kenya Climate Research
Mapping climatic risks, impacts and adaptation options along the water, agricultural inputs and livestock value chains in Kenya
This report examines and maps climate risks and adaptation options along five value chains that the Kenya Markets Trust (KMT) is currently working on, namely; water service delivery, agricultural Inputs (seed, fertiliser and lime) and livestock. It also highlights adaptation options in each of the value chains and suggests ways in which stakeholders can engage to promote deployment and adoption of the adaptation options.
Effects Of Climate Change
Climate change also limits the viability of livelihood resources such as land, compromises infrastructure development, and lowers productivity, all in the face of rapid population increase.
Due To The 2017 - 2018 Droughts
The Government of Kenya has developed action plans to guide the mainstreaming of climate change into sector functions, i.e. the NCCAP 2018-2022. There is also increasing global and regional support for climate-smart interventions.
Integration of climate information in risk management and adaptation planning for projects is one of the priorities for sustainable value chains
Contents of the Research
The Water Value Chain
3.1 Climatic Risk and Impacts
3.2 Adaptation Options
The Livestock Value Chain
4.1 Climatic Risks and Impacts
4.2 Adaptation Option
The Agricultural Inputs Value Chain
5.1 Seeds Value Chain
5.2 Fertiliser Value Chain
5.3 Agricultural Lime Value Chain
Policies and Partnerships
Severe droughts have become more frequent in the livestock rearing regions in Kenya leading to higher livestock death in pastoral systems, and acute food and water shortages in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas. The livestock sector experienced the worst impacts during the 2011 drought, losing approximately KSh 699 billion, with KSh 56billion in damages due to costs from veterinary care, water, feeds and production decline, and KSh 643 billion in losses due to animal deaths (GoK, 2013).
Impacts of climate change are worsened by overstocking of group ranches due to high population resulting in soil deterioration and environmental degradation. This makes the range lands to be vulnerable to even a normal dry spell which is characteristic of dry lands. Animal health could be affected both by extreme events (for example high or low temperatures) and by the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, some of the m transmitted by vectors that are highly dependent on climatic conditions.
The government of Kenya has developed the Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture Strategy (KCSAS) 2017 – 2026, whose main objective is to adapt to climate change, and build resilience of agricultural systems while minimising emissions for enhanced food and nutritional security and improved livelihoods. This strategy is aligned with KMT’s agricultural inputs sector strategy that aims to facilitate transformational changes in the agricultural input sector through:
- Mass adoption of lime by smallholders
- Mass adoption of crop-specific fertilisers by smallholders
- Industry players reach millions of farmers with information, driving adoption of inputs and good agricultural practices
- Mass adoption of certified seed potato
Major reduction in late planting by farmers,
- due to better seed availability
- Major improvements in certified seed germination, through better seed quality control and/or storage.
In considering these transformational interventions, the following section considers the climate risk and impacts along agricultural inputs value chain. In addition, the section also identifies innovative climate change adaptation options along the key focus value chains, namely seeds, fertiliser and lime.
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