Meat End Market Trends in Kenya
This study aimed at achieving objectives that are critical to establishing and understanding consumer preferences and retail practices for livestock products in Kenya. The study was conducted in a number of major counties in Kenya i.e Eldoret, Nakuru, Kajiado, Kakamega, Makueni, Machakos, Nairobi, Garissa, Kiambu, Mombasa, Kwale, Kilifi and Kisumu.
Livestock is an important sector for the Kenyan economy
It has significant potential to increase competitiveness and benefit millions of people.
Domestic demand for meat has been historically strong, driven by urbanization, a growing middle class and exports which create demand for product differentiation, safety and quality.
Kenya’s meat sub-sector is hugely informal and fragmented.
Very few organised processors are buying directly from livestock producers.
Nairobi and Mombasa cities remain the key terminal markets for meat, accounting for 75% of country’s consumption.
With an annual meat deficit of 300,000 metric tonnes, Kenya’s meat industry still largely operates sub-optimally, with huge post-harvest losses, low value addition, poor processing skills and low capacity for quality and safety standards.
The Information Gap
Lack of accurate information on meat consumption patterns and segmentation has been a major barrier to strategies that are designed to develop and transform the livestock and meat industry in the country. For example, meat traders seeking to target specific consumer cohorts haven’t been able do so due to the absence of information on consumption patterns, demographics, preferences as well as demand profiles.
What Do the Finding Tell Us?
The findings reveal an increasing number of consumers demanding for quality meat, accounting for an additional 54,000mt for beef in the market.
This shows that investment in modernization of the meat industry would add value to the meat processing, product differentiation, food quality and safety and in turn enable the industry to meet the increasing demand for quality meat up from the current 66,000mt to 240,000mt. With better sector and industry coordination, these investments will translate to increased profitability, jobs and wealth creation as well as a larger contribution of the sector to Kenya’s GDP.
About This Research
Objectives Of The Study
Organization Of The Report
The first chapter highlights the background and the context of this study, clearly presenting a justification for the study. In addition, this chapter presents the objectives of the study and the key deliverables.
Chapter 2 - 3
The second section is a brief literature review report. This presents a deeper understanding of the context and the existing information on meat consumption patterns globally.
Chapter 4 - 6
The study findings are presented in chapter 4 to 6. The findings are structured around the study objectives, with chapter 4 presenting findings for objective 1, chapter 5 presents the findings for the objective 2 and 3 while chapter 6 presents objective 4.
The second chapter is a brief literature review report. This presents a deeper understanding of the context and the existing information on meat consumption patterns globally.
Meat Consumption Patterns & Preferences
Types of Meat Consumed in Households
High Income Households
Majority of consumers in the high-income segments consume chicken (96%) followed by fish (90%) then beef (79%) and goat meat (73%) in that order Pork and mutton are consumed by minority of consumers in this segment, as presented by only 35% and 23% of consumers in this category respectively.
Middle Income Households
In the middle income, chicken is eaten by majority of consumers (88%) followed by beef (82%), then fish (76%) and goat meat (69%) in that order Just like the high-income segment, pork and mutton is consumed by minority of the consumers in this segment as presented by 24% and 17% of the consumers in this segment.
Low Income Households
In the low-income category, majority of the households consume beef (84%) followed by chicken (82%) then fish (79%) and goat meat (70%) As with other segments, results show that pork and mutton is consumed by minority of the consumers as cited by 25% and 22% of the consumers in this segment respectively
Factors That Determine Preference For Different Types Of Meat & Meat Products
Health concern and price are the major factors determining the preference for different types of meat. The Y-Axis shows percentages of the income segment
- Low Income
- Middle Income
- High Income
Attributes That Consumers Use To Define Quality Of Meat
Frequency Of Consumption Of Different Meat Types
The Y-Axis shows percentages of the population surveyed
- Goat Meat
- Goat Meat
- Goat Meat
Current Knowledge Levels, Gaps And Information Awareness On Cold Meat Practices In Kenya
Meat Preservation At The Household Level
Majority of households in the high- and middle- income segments use refrigeration to preserve meat, as reported by 92.3% and 51.6% of the households respectively
In the middle income segment, 33.4% however indicated that they do not preserve because meat is consumed the same day it is bought
In the low income segment, majority of the households (54.1%) do not preserve but rather consume meat the same day it is bought, while some 12.7% preserve by boiling
A Study on Meat End Market Trends in Kenya
This study is the first step towards understanding the meat consumer market in Kenya in terms of trends, preferences and purchasing patterns, alongside meat retails practices.
Full: 1.3 MB